What are the effects of sedatives?

  1. include examples

    Answer by LAlawMedMBA
    A sedative is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.

    At higher doses it may result in slurred speech, staggering gait, poor judgment, and slow, uncertain reflexes. Doses of sedatives such as benzodiazepines when used as a hypnotic to induce sleep tend to be higher than those used to relieve anxiety, since low doses suffice to provide calming sedative effects.

    Sedatives can be abused to produce an overly-calming effect (alcohol being the classic and most common sedating drug). At high doses or when they are abused, many of these drugs can cause unconsciousness and even death.

    There is some overlap between the terms “sedative” and hypnotic. The term “sedative-hypnotic” has been used to describe these joint effects, or the medications causing these joint effects. MeSH (i.e., Medical Subject Headings) classifies these agents in a single category, under CNS depressants.

    However, advances in pharmacology have permitted more specific targeting of receptors, and greater selectivity of agents, which necessitates greater precision when describing these agents and their effects:

    (1) Anxiolytic refers specifically to the effect upon anxiety. (However, some benzodiazipines are sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics.)

    (2) Tranquilizer can refer to anxiolytics or antipsychotics.

    (3) Soporific and sleeping pill are near-synonyms for hypnotics.

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    Types of sedatives:

    (1) Barbiturates: Amobarbital (Amytal), pentobarbital (Nembutal), secobarbital (Seconal), Phenobarbitol (Luminal).

    (2) Benzodiazepines (“minor tranquilizers”): Clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), estazolam (Prosom), flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), lorazepam (Ativan), midazolam (Versed), nitrazepam (Mogadon), oxazepam (Serax), triazolam (Halcion), temazepam (Restoril, Normison, Planum, Tenox, and Temaze), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), alprazolam (Xanax).

    (3) Herbal sedatives: ashwagandha, catnip, kava (Piper methysticum), mandrake, cannabis, valerian.

    (4) Solvent sedatives: chloral hydrate (Noctec), diethyl ether (Ether), ethyl alcohol (alcoholic beverage), methyl trichloride (Chloroform).

    (5) Nonbenzodiazepine sedatives: eszopiclone (Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata), zolpidem (Ambien), zopiclone (Imovane, Zimovane).

    (6) Uncategorized Sedatives: carisoprodol (Soma), clomethiazole (clomethiazole), gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Thalidomide, ethchlorvynol (Placidyl), glutethimide (Doriden), ketamine (Ketalar, Ketaset), methaqualone (Sopor, Quaalude), methyprylon (Noludar), ramelteon (Rozerem).

  2. I ask here and people only tell me the what not the how.

    I need to know the how. For example, what neural receptors does marijuana inhibit(GABA, whatever).

    Where can I get info on different types of sedatives and HOW they affect us?

    Answer by spacedmanspif
    A sedative is a substance that depresses the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in calmness, relaxation, reduction of anxiety, sleepiness, and slowed breathing, as well as slurred speech, staggering gait, poor judgment, and slow, uncertain reflexes. Sedatives may be referred to as tranquilizers, depressants, anxiolytics, soporifics, sleeping pills, downers, or sedative-hypnotics. Sedatives can be abused to produce an overly-calming effect (alcohol being the classic and most common sedating drug). At high doses or when they are abused, many of these drugs can cause unconsciousness and even death.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedative


  3. Answer by Anirudh-Koul
    A sedative is a drug that depresses the central nervous system (CNS), which causes calmness, relaxation, reduction of anxiety, sleepiness, slowed breathing, slurred speech, staggering gait, poor judgment, and slow, uncertain reflexes. Sedatives may be referred to as tranquilizers, depressants, anxiolytics, soporifics, sleeping pills, downers, or sedative-hypnotics. At high doses or when they are abused, many of these drugs can cause unconsciousness and death.

    Some common sedatives are pentobarbital (Nembutal,) mephobarbital, (Mebaral,) secobarbital (Seconal or Tuinal,) amobarbital (Amytal,) and phenobarbital (Luminal.) Barbiturates are usually bright colored capsules.

    Some good sources of information are mentioned below :

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Ivan S. Martin

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